Shropshire Council

Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Regulations 2015 and 2022

The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015 came into force on 1 October 2015.

The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (Amendment) Regulations 2022 came into force on 1 October 2022. It extended the requirements to require:

  • A carbon monoxide alarm to be installed in any room used as living accommodation which contains a fixed combustion appliance (gas fires, gas and oil boilers but not gas cookers)
  • Smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms are repaired or replaced by the landlord once informed and found that they are faulty
  • A landlord must check that the alarms in the property are working properly at the start of a new tenancy or licence. The tenant is responsible for testing the alarm(s) during the tenancy and if tenants find that their alarms are not in working order during the tenancy, they are advised to arrange for the replacement of the batteries. If the alarm still does not work after replacing the batteries, or if tenants are unable to replace the batteries themselves, they should report this to their landlord, who must ensure that the alarm is repaired or replaced

The regulation now applies to all reregistered providers of social housing.

The requirements are enforced by local authorities who may require the landlord to pay a penalty charge of up to £5,000 for failing to comply with a remedial notice.

Local housing authorities are required to prepare and publish a 'statement of principles' which it must have regard to in determining the amount of a penalty charge.

We'll refer to the following statement when determining the amount of a penalty charge, and we may revise and republish the statement when necessary.

Statement of principles – Shropshire Council

Where we're satisfied that a landlord on whom a remedial notice has been served continues to be in breach of their duty to provide smoke and/or carbon monoxide alarms in working order, we may issue a financial penalty charge. The penalty charge is designed to:

  • Seek to deter repeat breaches of these regulations
  • Deter others from committing the offence
  • Remove any financial benefit the offender may have obtained as a result of committing the offence
  • Recover the costs of any works carried out by Shropshire Council

We'll impose the maximum penalty level of £5,000 for any breach of the regulations. However, where representations are received that demonstrate the breach/breaches occurred due to extenuating and exceptional circumstances, the level of the penalty will be independently reviewed by a senior manager and may be reduced. A financial penalty will be imposed only after engagement with the landlord has been attempted, in order to discuss how and why compliance with the regulations has not been possible.

Tenancies that are exempt from these regulations

  • Shared accommodation with a landlord or landlord’s family
  • Long leases
  • Student halls of residence
  • Hotels and refuges
  • Care homes
  • Hospitals and hospices
  • Low cost ownership homes
  • Other accommodation relating to health care provision