Preparing for adulthood
Preparation for Adulthood (PFA) is a term used to support the transition from childhood to adulthood for children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND), and to support them achieve the best outcomes. The four areas of PFA are:
Transition to adulthood and completion of further education and training will happen at different stages for young people who may be prepared for employment, higher education, or they may finish their formal education and transition into full adult health or care services who will continue to support their future adulthood needs.
Formal planning for preparing the transition to adulthood should start from year 9 but ideally sooner. For young people with Education, Health and Care Plans, transition will be person centred and focus on the strengths and aspirations of the child or young person.
From the end of compulsory school age 16 years, decisions about their future lie directly with the young person rather than their parents. A young person may be supported to make informed decision about their future if they lack capacity to do so.