What is a special educational need (SEN)?
If a child or young person has significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age, or has a disability that makes it difficult for them to access the educational provision (including early years education) provided for other children of the same age, they may have a special educational need (SEN). Having a disability doesn't necessarily mean that a child will have a special educational need.
Special educational needs (SEN) are divided into four broad areas of need:
Some children and young people who have SEN will also have a disability (SEND). A disability is described in law as ‘a physical or mental impairment which has a long-term (a year or more) and substantial adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities’ (the Equality Act 2010). This includes, for example, sensory impairments such as those that affect sight and hearing, and long-term health conditions such as asthma, diabetes or epilepsy. Having a disability doesn't necessarily mean that a child or young person has SEN.
You can find more information about SEND in Special educational needs and disability: a guide for parents and carers (Department of Education 2014)
Shropshire Council Access Strategy
Local authorities are required by law to plan to improve access to every aspect of education for pupils with disabilities, and to monitor and review the effectiveness of their plans at regular intervals. The detail of these plans form the basis of the local authority’s accessibility strategy.